Soviet Coup Fails.
Soviet hardliners had attempted a coup against Mikhail Gorbachev in
August 1991 placing him under house arrest on August 21.
Boris Yeltsin condemmed the coup and, supporting Gorbachev, started a
resistance based in Russia's parliament building. The coup subsequently collapsed on August 21 when the army refused to obey orders to put the resistance movement down and Gorbechev returned to Moscow.
Gorbechev is regarded in the West as having
ended the Cold War and his achievement and legacy of the individual aims
of Perestroika are recognised by citizens of the former USSR although
much pain followed.He eventually resigned on 25th December, 1991.